Blockchain and Financial Services Blog

Showing 29 posts in Operations & Transactions.

Collateral Descriptions in UCC Financing Statements

Lenders and their counsel know that it is important to properly describe the collateral on which a lien (mortgage or security interest) is being granted. The purpose of this post is to discuss some recent decisions contrary to what many corporate counsel thought they knew concerning collateral descriptions in security agreements and UCC financing statements. Read More ›

The First Filed Real Estate Interest Has Priority, Sometimes

Uncounted dollars in money, goods and services are routinely transferred in reliance on the priority of a non-ownership interest in real property. Read More ›

So Many Adages So Little Time

The old adage “no harm no foul” applies to tort litigation unless there is a statute or contract that supplies liquidated damages. There is also the one about those “who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” And then, there is the one about the return of a “bad penny.” Far too many idioms are available to describe the case at hand, which is clear evidence that somebody acted foolishly. Read More ›

Admit and Legislators Acknowledge That Real Estate Professionals Are Human and Need Protection From Harmless Errors

Ohio and other states where Frost Brown Todd has offices have long had witness and/or notary requirements for the execution of mortgages. Ohio Revised Code Section 5301.01 provides that a “mortgage . . . shall be signed by the . . . mortgagor. . . . The signing shall be acknowledged by the . . . mortgagor . . . before a . . . notary public . . . who shall certify the acknowledgment and subscribe [his or her] name to the certificate of the acknowledgment.” Bankruptcy trustees often try to use their “strong arm” powers[1] to defeat recorded mortgages in order to remove the lien from property of the bankruptcy estate, if the recorded mortgage was defectively executed under state law (in the alternative, the bankruptcy trustee can preserve the lien for the benefit of the bankruptcy estate).

[1]   Bankruptcy trustees so-called strong arm powers include their avoidance powers: the right to avoid competing parties’ interests by acting as if the trustee was a judicial lien creditor, an execution creditor, or a bona fide purchaser. See 11 U.S.C. Section 544. A Chapter 11 Debtor-in-possession can also exercise the strong arm powers. Read More ›

Dormancy and Revival: Long-Term Judgment Collection in Ohio

The fortunes of those who owe you money can vary over the years. This blog post explores how Ohio judgment creditors can capture their share of a judgment debtor’s improving financial situation. Read More ›

SPNB Charters for FinTech Companies: A Primer

The number of tech companies offering alternatives to traditional banks has increased severalfold in recent years, piquing the attention of state and federal regulators.  For FinTech companies engaged in certain aspects of the “business of banking,” a special purpose national bank (SPNB) charter may be one avenue for ensuring continued compliance with applicable regulations. Read More ›

SPNB Charters for FinTech Companies Will Impact Your Litigation Work

Experienced counsel who regularly litigate for or against federally chartered and regulated financial institutions appreciate the differences that apply when a federally chartered and regulated financial institution is the plaintiff or defendant. All businesses maintain books and records needed to operate the business and meet the universally applicable reporting obligations (taxes and perhaps audited financial statements). Federally chartered and regulated financial institutions also retain records required to meet regulators’ requirements of all types including safety and soundness, specific nondiscrimination rules[1], etc. The existence of these additional documents impacts both sides of the document production work (requesting and producing).

[1]   See, for example, the Community Reinvestment Act (12 U.S.C. Section 2901 et seq.) and laws against redlining. Unique information must be acquired, manipulated and retained to meet these financial industry specific rules. Read More ›

Bitcoin ATMs: What They Are and How They Work

The traditional ATM is a truly ubiquitous part of our culture. Although the first American ATM was not installed until the fall of 1969 in New York City, most Americans, regardless of geography, probably cannot imagine life without the ease and convenience they provide. And this story is now likely to be repeated with Bitcoin ATMs. Read More ›

Legal Issues of Owning and Operating a Bitcoin ATM Business

As previously discussed, Bitcoin ATMs are a growing industry, offering consumers great flexibility in exchanging Bitcoin tokens for cash, or purchasing Bitcoin tokens for cash, via standalone kiosks. Many merchants are starting to get on-board with owning, or leasing space to, Bitcoin ATMs as a way to serve an expanding market. Read More ›

Launching an ICO? Follow This Advice from the SEC

Lost in the headlines over the SEC’s recent pronouncements on cryptocurrency was important practical advice for both promoters of and participants in initial coin offerings (ICOs). Read More ›

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Attorney Spotlight

William T. Repasky practices with the Litigation Department at Frost Brown Todd. He focuses on lending and commercial services; banking litigation and financial institutions.

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